The right way to Restore Vintage or Old Furniture

You may easily transform a piece of furniture cheaply by stripping off the old paint and refinishing the wood as to its unique state. By stripping old furniture down to the natural wood you may guarantee a smooth surface – free of bumps and blemishes – which will be polished, varnished and even stenciled for a completely new look. Make certain first that you know what finish you are stripping because, paint, polish, lacquer or varnish all require different treatments.

Equipment: By hand, you need paint stripper, liquid or jelly type, methylated spirits, and turpentine. A pair of rubber gloves, old paint brush 25 – 50 mm wide, a scraper, course wire wool and sand paper fine to medium grade.

Paint Stripping: if you are professional for tough work it can be removed by immersing the article in a caustic bath. A safer suggestion I might recommend by hand, using a chemical paint stripper; this gives great outcomes as it adds an extra luster to the bare wood.

Technique: Firstly make sure that your work area is well ventilated as paint stripper provides off unpleasant fumes. Remove all fittings handles, key guides and so forth, then start brushing the stripper on to the painted areas, work the stripper into all cracks/crevices. When you’ve gotten covered a workable area, depart the stripper to act for several minutes. When it starts to bubble, remove the paint layer with your stripping knife or scraper, (put the paint shreds into an old paint tin as being caustic they’re dangerous) repeat the process till you attain the wood. When all of the paint has been stripped, next step is to wash the wood down with the manufactures recommendation on what neutralizer to make use of this will remove any remaining debris on the similar time neutralizes the stripper. If the suggested neutralizer is say turpentine then soak a ball of wire wool and thoroughly rub down the stripped surface. When dry sandpaper down to a smooth finish. Essential; always rub within the direction of the grain.

Stripping polish: earlier than you can remove efficiently, you should know firstly the type of polish. If it is French polish this may be removed quite easily with methylated spirits, wipe it on generously, depart for just a few minutes. When the polish has softened, scrape it off with a scraper then with fine wire wool (soaked in Methylated spirits) when the wood is dry you can sandpaper down to a pleasant smooth finish. If it is a Wax polish (oily surface) this you possibly can remove with fine metal wool soaked with turpentine. Repeat until you might be on the bare wood, dry off with an absorbent cloth.

Varnished and Lacquered finishes: if the article being 50 years or more old it probably is an oil based varnish of which was made from resins dissolved in oils and solvents. The cleanest/easiest way is with a scraper; tilt the scraper away from you working alongside the grain (never throughout the grain). Polyurethane varnishes use a paint stripper. Cellulose-primarily based varnishes will be removed by paint stripper, acetone, cellulose thinners, ammonia caustic soda, or turpentine. Suggest test a small area first to see which works best. Repairs, now you’re able to see the varied faults. Your repairs are obligatory earlier than the new end might be utilized, perhaps the draws require re-nailing or weak joints to be glued, cracks and holes must be filled. Minor cracks and holes you employ a plastic wood or non-shrinking stopper all available in varied natural wood colors. Giant holes must be Plugged with a similar wood, cut to form making positive the grain of the pug runs the identical way as the rest of the surface, and then glue it in. Fine sandpaper all of your repairs down to a smooth end for the subsequent stage.

Finishing with polyurethane: this provides naked wood a lustrous, hard wearing end of which is simple to clean and maintain. Polyurethane can withstand heat without marking although intense heat will damage the wood. There may be a wide range of natural wood colours available as well as clear all matt or gloss finish. It is important to let Polyurethane set; some manufacturers can take up to two weeks to achieve maximum hardness. Apply the varnish directly to the sanded wood with a brush because the varnish must be applied in coats. It’s a good idea with the first coat to dilute with spirit in order that it soaks in and seals the wood. After each subsequent coat (when dry) lightly rub down with a fine sand paper. If you are utilizing one of many colored varieties it would pay you to use the primary coat with a clear, this will save any likelihood of a patchy finish. If you would like a matt end after utilizing colored varnish make the ultimate coat with a clear matt.

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