The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is one of the most typical ID numbers for individuals in Mexico. It’s related in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the individual’s full legal name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building can assist reveal key details about individuals and allow analysts to easily establish false ID numbers.
Naming Conventions in Latin America
Earlier than we focus on the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.
A person’s given name, additionally known as a first name, is either a single name, similar to Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, such as Francisco Enrique.
The given name is adopted by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames could be compound, however this is less common.
For instance, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding belongings for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.
If we break down his name into its three parts, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.
Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number
The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:
4 letters from the person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First internal vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which can be the individual’s date of delivery in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the particular person’s gender: “H” for male (hombre) and “M” for female (mujer)
Two letters which might be the 2-letter state abbreviation for the state the place the person was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation “NE” might be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the individual’s legal name: – First internal consonant of the paternal surname – First internal consonant of the maternal surname – First inside consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among people who have similar names, places of birth, and dates of birth; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born before 2000 and a letter from A to Z for individuals born since 2000
One character that is a checksum
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